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Today there are so many different types of fabrics it’s difficult to tell one from the other, isn’t it? Ever since the utilization of man-made fibers in textile blends it’s hard to pin point exactly which type of fabric one may be handling. Today we’re focusing on brocade and damask— two very regal types of fabric that need no further embellishing, as they stand quite opulent on their own.
Brocade dress pictured above by Christian Lacroix, Fall 2007, shot by Terry Richardson.

Kirsten Dunst in metallic brocade dress at Rodarte, Dior gold brocade draped dress, and Lerario Beatriz Resort 2009; the model wearing a rare Brazilian cotton-damask jacket

Brocade Fabrics

Brocade fabrics mainly consist of solid or multi-colored silk threads, often times combined with gold or silver metallic threads. A brocade is woven by adding a supplementary weft to the weave, creating the illusion that sections have been embossed into the fabric, or embroidered on top of it. The back (or wrong side) of a brocade is determined quite easily, as it will have groups of threads that have been trimmed away or left out of the weave and look more messy.

Front view of a yellow, creme & metallic gold brocade

Back view of the same brocade as above. Notice how most of the metallic threads show only on the back

Front view of a blue, tan, brown beige and gold metallic brocade

Back view of the same swatch of brocade above. Notice the layers of threads and thefewer metallic threads

The word brocade comes from the Italian word broccato which directly translates to “embossed cloth”. Brocades are richly decorative fabrics and quite suitable for holiday dresses or outerwear— because brocades are so intricately woven, the price tag often reflects the vast amount of work which goes into brocade production. Many designers will use brocade for outwear pieces, or pieces that will be seen on the outside, as not to waste the gorgeous fabric itself or hide it beneath outer layers.

Gabrielle “Coco” Chanel, Evening ensemble, Gold brocaded silk satin, circa 1953, France, Gift of Mrs. Stephane Groveff, The Museum at FIT

YSL, 1967 Gilded brocade evening dress with gold pearls and embroideries for Marie-Hélène de Rothschild. Photo from BennielovesWombie

Damask Fabrics

Today Damask fabrics are most likely to be found hanging from windows or acting as shams for pillows or chair covers, but a damask ensemble used to represent wealth and prosperity and was worn by many royal families.

Front swatch of a acid yellow & black damask silk

Back view; Notice how the back view is the negative image of the front. Both sides though are acceptable as the “right” side of a garment

Damask fabrics are actually reversible, yet the opposite side is like a film negative— it has the same pattern, but the colors are opposite as to where they are on the front— you will recognize damask fabric used in the iconic Fendi bag below. Damask fabrics can be quite stiff, which can make for an ideal material for structured, more sculptural pieces.

Christian Lacroix, Poiret, BCBG, Fendi

Damask (from Damascus) was one of 5 basic weaving techniques used by Byzantine and Islamic cultures in the Middle Ages. You’ll most likely find damask fabrics today woven from silk, linen or linen blends, often times depicting a floral or geometric motif. Modern damask fabrics are woven on computerized Jacquard looms and have a slight sheen or iridescence when light bounces off of them. Check out this post on Fashion-Era.com for further Jacquard loom weaving explanations.

YSL, 1994 Lime and wisteria green printed silk damask Evening coat; (above centre) 1977 Evening outfit, black purple and gold oilskin damask Jacket, purple gold crepe georgette blouse, purple damask Pants and passementerie; (above right) 1977 Evening outfit, orange and gold damask Jacket, gold threading and gold damask Pants… Photo from BennielovesWombie


  • Missing

    Jun 20, 2017, 08.39 AMby productLTD

    Poorly edited caption is error-filled. Most importantly, it should read “Lime green and wisteria printed silk damask….” in addition to uppercase B for blouse, upper case C for coat, O for outfit, and inconsistencies in placing colors first or the outfit. Punctuation by dart throwing

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    Nov 25, 2012, 01.48 AMby Zharif Nuzul

    what the different between brocade and songket fabric??

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    Jan 19, 2011, 10.40 AMby Morolake Dairo

    Wow…lovely post…A few days ago, i was asking my mum the difference between the both and the answer pops up here. This is great. thanks

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    Jan 2, 2011, 07.00 PMby Dibaj

    wonderful informaition. I like this fabric.

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    Dec 31, 2010, 07.59 AMby pixelink

    this is so interesting, thanks for all the facts and history, certainly keeping us audience fascinated!

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    Dec 28, 2010, 03.48 PMby monikago

    Thank you for explaining the difference between brocade and damask. I recently bought a lavender/gold sari brocade fabric to make pants for myself. But the sari border is so special, I don’t want to cut it up for pants. It appeared to be reversible, I’ll take a closer look at it.

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    Dec 21, 2010, 09.00 PMby olyveoil

    Excellent article! I do look forward to more of your work. In my sewing room, I have many mystery fabrics as my “collection” consists mainly of vintage fabrics that I buy in thrift stores or at yard sales. Hopefully, your articles will help me figure out what some of them are, most of them are pretty easy to figure out, but there are a few pieces that I’m not sure of their origin. Once I figure that out, I can know better how they will work in a pattern or design, and how to care for them, too. Thanks for putting this together.

    Debbie…(O: ><>

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    Dec 16, 2010, 07.04 PMby kelepso

    I have a new found appreciation for these fabrics, especially after seeing the very modern and contemporary womenswear.

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    Dec 16, 2010, 06.58 PMby threadsquare

    Oooh, great post! This clears up some of my confusion about using the terms interchangeably. I love both, but usually just ooh & ah, or purchase & save, as I’m always afraid anything I make with them will look to old. Acid yellow, though….definitely hip! Can’t wait to see it! (I also get nervous about snagging)

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    Dec 16, 2010, 05.00 PMby fashionfreek

    I love brocade and I have not used damask yet.

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    Dec 16, 2010, 03.24 PMby Lebec Egirl

    Love this post…great way to learn more about fabrics.

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    Dec 16, 2010, 04.23 AMby mishe12

    love this post…i actually found this amazing brocade fabric recently that i was going to use to make a jacket. i thinks it is going to turn out great when i get around to making it. few other project in line before that one.

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    Dec 15, 2010, 04.16 PMby aletoro

    Yesterday I had the final presentation for my Trends and Concepts class. I had to forecast a collection for Fall 2012 and one of my fabric selections was brocade. I wish I would have read this blog before my presentation! I would have had so much to say! Oh well.. but I’m even more inspired now.

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      Dec 15, 2010, 05.17 PMby alisondahl

      I’m glad to hear we’re on the same page though— sensing brocades as a trend. They are especially nice for Holiday looks— I’m making a dress from the acid yellow & black damask for a Christmas party— will share when it’s done.

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    Dec 15, 2010, 03.22 PMby Ricardo Abreu

    Cool. I’m working on the patters of a gown, I want to use brocade and raw silk.

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    Dec 15, 2010, 01.32 PMby jbfjersey

    I used a Chinese brocade from Hong Kong as the skirt material for my daughter’s Irish dance dress. It was lovely to work with despite its bulk. The only problem I ran into is when I wasn’t careful ripping out a seam and caught some of the brocade, it would cause a “run” in the fabric—nothing very noticeable though, unless you were looking for it.

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    Dec 15, 2010, 08.47 AMby littlemisssew

    wow. things I never really did think of. Thank you for uncovering the world of brocades and damasks to me!

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    Dec 15, 2010, 04.10 AMby flynnflynn

    Thank you so much for the posts on fabrics! The zoomed-in pics really aid understanding especially.

    Happy Christmas!

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    Dec 15, 2010, 12.37 AMby loyl8

    I love brocades and damasks!! I have some but haven’t made anything with them yet. I can’t wait. Thanks again Alison; I really like these posts on fabrics. I never went to design/fashion school and this is a really nice way of learning. I don’t even have a good fabric store that could teach me or for me to feel and see this. thanks again.

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    Dec 14, 2010, 10.39 PMby islandstyle

    Thanks for clearing that up. I recently made a gown for a production of a Shakespeare play. I used what I thought was damask but it was labeled Jaquard. It appeared reversible. I still wasn’t quite clear when I searched the internet for help with the matter. Wish I had found this site a few months ago. It would have given me a lot more confidence. The gown (for my granddaughter) was a smash hit. Now they want me to make all the costumes. Yikes! Next is The Wizard of Oz!!!

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    • Dahlnyc_1352392376_600_large

      Dec 15, 2010, 05.14 PMby alisondahl

      And thus a new exciting career begins for you! Best wishes.

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    Dec 14, 2010, 09.37 PMby carottesauvage

    The luxury one can endlessly indulge in, for the sole pleasure of the eyes. I don’t need to own the fabric to be enthralled!!Brocade and damask are just lushhhhhh

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    Dec 14, 2010, 09.29 PMby atrinka

    Beautiful dresses and fabrics. Someday I will have the money to sew with this luxurious fabric, meanwhile cotton, cotton, cotton!

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    Dec 14, 2010, 07.53 PMby lennert

    Great blog…I love brocade and have just purchased lots of it on a recent trip to Guangzhou in China which is a brocade paradise!

    1 Reply
    • Dahlnyc_1352392376_600_large

      Dec 14, 2010, 07.59 PMby alisondahl

      Wow— that sounds amazing. I’d love to see what you end up making with it.

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    Dec 14, 2010, 02.37 PMby wzrdreams

    Great definition description and example photos. Keep it up. :)

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    Dec 14, 2010, 02.01 PMby annabellorering

    I really like the dresses (:

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    Dec 14, 2010, 01.12 PMby meshuggeknits

    I’d like to see examples of the front and back of each type of fabric.

    1 Reply
    • Dahlnyc_1352392376_600_large

      Dec 14, 2010, 03.03 PMby alisondahl

      I’m doing that now— Photoshop crashed on me last night and I lost all of my fabric scans!

    • This is a question
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